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Theses paper on KlimaMORO (as of July 5, 2011)
On June 7, 2011, a balance sheet workshop on KlimaMORO took place in Berlin , where the results of the project were presented and discussed by the research assistant in a group of selected experts from science and practice. In preparation, the research assistant prepared a thesis paper . After the event, the results of the workshop were supplemented.
Thesis paper for download …
First results (as of August 3, 2010)
In the model regions it has been shown that vulnerability analyzes, which show the susceptibility of a region to climate change, form an important basis for
Delimit risk / action areas,
To derive needs for action and recommendations for action,
to justify new or existing regional planning reports in a technically sound manner and
To create pressure to act in politics and other regional actors.
Dealing with uncertainties
With the development of adaptation measures, planning cannot wait for further regionalizations and model refinements of climate models. Existing uncertainties cannot be an argument for not acting or waiting.
Robust trend statements are necessary in order to create consternation in politics and to promote political measures.
Statements about tendencies should not be fixed rigidly, but rather can be flexibly adapted in the course of the process in the event of new findings. Making regional planning instruments more flexible, especially in connection with informal instruments and specialist planning, can be of crucial importance here.
Uncertainties can be countered with “no-regret” strategies, ie measures that are beneficial for the region even if the forecast changes fail to materialize.
Establishment of actor networks
An exclusive restriction to the formal regional planning instruments is not seen as sufficient. Decision-makers have to be made aware of the issues of climate adaptation and politicians have to be intensively informed about suitable measures. In terms of regional governance and management, regional networks on the subject of climate change are urgently needed.
A concentration on existing regional networks can be promising, since no new networks have to be set up and the ability to implement them is increased.
The ability to implement it can be improved if the local level is directly involved, since it is ultimately the level of action. Their sensitivities can be taken into account through early involvement.
The development of networks should be accompanied by broad public relations.
Dealing with the formal regional planning instruments
An adaptation of existing categories can be done in two ways, which can definitely be combined:
The designation criteria of the categories can be adapted to the changed or expected circumstances, for example by changing threshold values.
New spatial planning goals can be defined, which are incorporated into the regional plan.
The introduction of new room categories is largely rejected. Instead, the existing categories should be further qualified and used to take adaptation measures into account. The already existing integrated spatial categories such as regional green corridors are ideal for this.
The introduction of a multifunctional category to identify areas with special climatic functions is being discussed.
Further development of the regional planning instruments (adaptation of the designation criteria or new specifications) requires background information on the underlying climate changes, the climate impacts to be derived from them and the resulting consequences (e.g. opportunities, risks).
The justification of (new) goals and principles should be based on reliable data in the sense of robust trend statements, as they can be used as important arguments in the weighing process and towards third parties in the implementation.
Implementation in municipalities and with land users
An improvement in problem awareness and acceptance for climate adaptation among municipalities and land users is necessary.
Regional planning stipulations for climate adaptation could be justified by quantifying the benefits or assessing the damage to be expected in the event of non-implementation and thus providing municipalities and land users with assistance in classifying the climate issue.
A stronger coordination between regional planning and municipalities or land user representatives is necessary in order to promote the implementation of regional planning specifications.
For the integration of the stipulations on climate protection and adaptation, which are important from a regional planning point of view, into municipal planning, the focus should be less on principles and more on spatial planning goals, as these are more effective.
An identification of priority areas with a need for action can show the municipalities priorities for processing.
In order to promote the implementation of climate-relevant regional planning specifications by the land users, climate adaptation should be discussed in connection with other, already existing topics and problems.
Institute Raum & Energie
Wedel / August 3, 2010